It is not easy to be a mom or dad, especially when it comes to taking care of a newborn baby. There are so many aspects (food, drink, sleep, clothes…) you should pay attention to since newborns are vulnerable and fragile, they tend to get ill easily. Here we will mention three precautions about newborn baby’s diet, let us be qualified parents together.
Don’t feed too much
Moms should know that the stomach of a newborn baby is very delicate, and the functions of its body is not yet fully developed. The stomach of newborn baby cannot secrete too many digestive enzymes, and eating too much may result in the inability to digest in time.
Some moms have plenty of milk, so they can fill up their babies every time, even make them burp. In fact, this is not good for the baby. Eating too much will increase the pressure on the baby’s digestive system and affect the normal operation of the baby’s digestive function in the future. Moms should pay attention when breastfeeding, don’t let the baby drink too fast or too much, 90% full is almost enough.
If you can’t control exactly how much breastmilk you should feed the newborn baby, you can use a breast pump to squeeze out the milk first and then give it to the baby according to the amount.
Liquid food is better
We all know that there are large intestine and small intestine in the human digestive tract. The small intestine is used to help the body absorb nutrients from what we eat. Newborn Baby’s small intestine is relatively longer. The adult’s small intestine is about 4.5 times that of the body, while the newborn baby’s small intestine can be about 7 times that of the body.
The small intestine helps babies better absorb nutrients from food. This is why infants and babies can only be fed with liquid food, it can be better absorbed by the small intestine, which is more conducive to the healthy growth and development of the babies. Moms can use the baby food maker to prepare food for babies, which is good for the baby’s health and also save time and effort for themselves.
Avoid feeding adult food
The organs of newborn baby are still under development, and its kidneys still cannot play a good role in detoxification. Therefore, infants and babies are generally not suitable for feeding adult food, and should not consume too much salt or sugar. Under normal circumstances, infants and babies are not allowed to add complementary foods until the end of the six-month breastfeeding period. Nutrition experts even suggest that it is better not to add salt to a newborn baby’s food until eight months after birth, and before that, the baby’s food should be pure and natural to help them grow up healthily.
The standard of milk intake for newborn baby
The stomach volume of a newborn baby is very small, only 30~35ml, about 100ml for 3 months, 200ml for 6 months, 300~500ml for one-year-old, and the baby secretes a small amount of gastric secretion. Therefore, there is a difference between the emptying time of the baby’s stomach and the amount of food consumed. The digestion and absorption effect of breastfed babies is better, the emptying time is about two to three hours, milk feeding takes three to four hours, and water feeding takes about an hour.
A few days after the baby is born, the amount of breastmilk is calculated according to the baby’s weight per kilogram, 100 to 200 ml per day. Because milk is not easy to digest, it must be mixed with water, the ratio can be 4:1, 3:1, 3:2 2:1, 1:1. When the baby is fifteen days old, if the digestive system is relatively normal in operation, you can feed pure milk, which is about 100 to 150 ml per kilogram of body weight, and about 60 to 100 ml per meal.
After the full moon, the baby’s feeding volume can be gradually increased, and each time the baby can feed about 80~120ml. They can eat up to 150ml, feeding every 4 hours. Feeding six to seven times a day can satisfy the baby’s appetite and make the baby grow up healthier.
When the baby is two to three months old, you can increase the amount of breastmilk and extend the time between feedings. The amount of milk can be increased to 150~200ml each time, and the feeding is carried out more than four hours apart. It should be five to six times a day, to slowly increase the amount of milk per feeding.
after 3 months
When the baby is three to six months old, eat 150-200 ml for three to five months, and 200-250 ml for five to six months old. You should know the total amount of milk your baby will take. It is not suitable to exceed 1000 ml per day. The amount should not exceed 250 ml. It is sufficient to feed up to five times a day. Feed every four hours. At the beginning of the baby’s four months, you can add some easily digestible supplementary foods before feeding.
When the baby is six to nine months old, it should be changed from four meals a day to three meals a day, and the amount of milk consumed each time should not exceed 250 ml. Gradually increase supplementary foods, and it can be used to replace one meal of milk.
When babies are nine to twelve months old, they should only eat two to three meals a day, 250 ml each time, and it is still four hours to feed them. Other supplementary foods should be fed, and It’s best to eat juice-like or puree-like foods that have high nutritional content and are easy to digest, and you should let them drink enough water for a better digest.
In addition to the points mentioned above, there are many things to pay attention to in a newborn baby’s diet. It is not easy to be a responsible and qualified mother, there is still much more to be done, all you can do is to learn more and take good care of the newborn baby.